The early years of synthetic biology

The BioBricks Foundation encourages the development and responsible use of technologies based on BioBrick standard DNA parts that encode basic biological functions.
Simple logical gates and circuits such as the XOR gate are now conceived and build out of genetic sequences, e.g. by Swiss ETH students as part of the annual iGEM competition.
Biohackery: In these beginning years of the 21st century, we stand ready to unleash a revolution in biology. It is within our grasp to start rewriting the very fabric of Life. Inventive minds outside traditional scientific circles are intrigued by the possibilities, but perceive a high barrier of entry to participate in bringing radical new ideas to fruition. This perception is false. There are plenty of ways for the budding biohacker to begin. See e.g. the Open Biohacking Project Kit or discuss do-it-yourself biology with biohackers.
Synthetic base pairs: Shuffling the hydrogen bond donor and acceptor modules generates eight additional nucleotides, which constitute a synthetic genetic system. These synthetic bases have been used in an artificial genetic system that can support Darwinian evolution.